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Ohio Divorce FAQ

Have questions about the divorce process in Ohio? Read on to get answers to some of the most frequently asked questions about getting divorced in OH.

evident Editorial Team
November 20, 2023
Wedding rings divorce

Divorce can be a long, complex process, but you don’t have to go in blind. Here are some of the most frequently asked questions about filing for divorce in Ohio such as how long does divorce take in Ohio, how much is a divorce in Ohio, and more.

Key Takeaways

What are the grounds for divorce in Ohio?

One spouse--or both--must reside in Ohio for six months or longer to file for divorce in the state. Ohio allows both fault and no-fault grounds for seeking a divorce. This means that neither party has to prove grounds for divorce in order to end the marriage, but either (or both) can claim fault. 

A spouse might claim fault grounds for divorce if seeking to gain custody of dependents or marital property, in cases involving cruelty or adultery, or in other similar circumstances. The spouse claiming fault must provide evidence of fault to obtain a divorce.

In contrast, a no-fault divorce does not require either spouse to provide evidence to obtain a divorce. No-fault divorce still requires a reason for divorce to be listed on the filing paperwork, but it is often something similar to “irreconcilable differences” or “incompatibility,” which don’t place blame with one spouse in particular.

How long does a divorce take in Ohio?

Several factors will affect how long a divorce takes in Ohio, including whether or not there are children involved, whether it is a fault or no-fault divorce, and if the filing is contested. The whole process can take from several months to a year or more.

Once the paperwork has been filed with the court, it usually takes 30 to 90 days to finalize a divorce.

Divorce is often a long process. While you wait for the divorce to be finalized, you can file "requests for temporary orders," which determine who will be responsible for important matters while you wait for the divorce to be final, such as custody of your children or payment of debts.

How long do you have to be separated to get a divorce in Ohio? 

You do not have to be separated for any specific amount of time, or legally separated at all, to get a divorce in Ohio. It is important to note, however, that Ohio divorce laws typically require the spouse who files the complaint for divorce to have been a resident of the state for at least six months.

How much does a divorce cost in Ohio?

At a minimum, court filing fees for divorce are $350 in the state of Ohio. But how much it ultimately costs to get divorced will depend on a variety of factors. 

For example, uncontested divorces cost less on average than contested divorces. Not all contested divorces are created equal, though, and so how contentious your divorce is will also greatly dictate how expensive the process will be.

The cost of divorce in Ohio will also depend on whether you hire a divorce attorney, and how much that divorce lawyer costs. Attorney fees for divorce lawyers will vary depending on whether they charge a flat fee or per hour. If charging per hour, factors such as child custody disputes or contested divorce filings will increase the cost of your attorney fees. Firms often have lower-cost options or offer payment plans for divorce attorney fees.

Be aware that attorney fees are not the only costs involved in a divorce. You may also want, for example, to work with accountants, appraisers, or other experts to determine financial details, or you may need additional childcare during the proceedings.

How is property divided in an Ohio divorce? Is Ohio a 50-50 state when it comes to divorce?

To understand how property is divided during a divorce in Ohio, first it is important to understand the difference between. marital property and separate property.

Marital property vs. separate property

There is a difference between marital property and separate property. In divorce, the key factor is how marital property will be divided. 

“Marital property” refers to all property that was acquired during the marriage. Examples of marital property may include a family home, income earned during the marriage, bank accounts, or retirement benefits. In Ohio, the court starts from the assumption that each spouse contributed equally to the accumulation of marital property and that it should therefore be distributed equally.

“Separate property” is any property owned individually before the marriage, or certain categories of property acquired during the marriage such as gifts or inheritances. Separate property generally will remain with the individual who owned it prior to marriage, though there are circumstances where the court will rule otherwise if it is deemed more equitable.

How property is divided in Ohio

Ohio is an equitable division state, which means that the court will divide marital property fairly–or equitably–but not necessarily equally. (All states except for Arizona, California, Idaho, Louisiana, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Washington, and Wisconsin follow the principles of equitable distribution). 

Ohio courts will consider a number of factors when deciding how to divide marital property, including:

  • How long the marriage lasted
  • The assets and liabilities of each spouse
  • Any tax consequences of division of property
  • And, per Ohio law, “Any other factor that the court expressly finds to be relevant and equitable” 

But whose name is on a given piece of property is not the only factor courts in Ohio will consider. The judge will generally begin with the premise that property will be divided equally, and then will listen to arguments (if any) from the spouses about why a different division would be fairer. The judge will then divide property in a way that they consider fair, which may not necessarily be exactly equal.

How is spousal maintenance (or alimony) awarded in Ohio?

In Ohio law, the term “spousal support” or “spousal maintenance” has replaced the term “alimony.” Courts award spousal support, if appropriate, after a division of property. 

When making a spousal maintenance award, Ohio courts may consider 13 specific factors, including:

  • the ages, earning ability, and health of each  spouse 
  • the length of the marriage 
  • the standard of living during the marriage

There will be multiple considerations to an award of spousal maintenance, including whether any award is ordered in the first place, how much is awarded, and for how long payments are made.  For instance, spousal maintenance could be ordered for a specified period of time instead of indefinitely. 

Who gets alimony in a divorce in Ohio?

If you are wondering who gets alimony in a divorce in Ohio, it is important to understand that either spouse can request spousal support when filing for a divorce in Ohio. Spouses will only qualify for alimony in Ohio, however, if they can prove a need for financial assistance as well as the other spouse’s ability to pay.

How is child custody determined in Ohio?

Under child custody laws in Ohio, courts start with the assumption that a child should have frequent and ongoing contact with both parents following a divorce. If possible, judges want to support joint custody arrangements. The specific details of any custody arrangement, though, will be determined in the child's (or children's) best interests.

Keep in mind that there is both Legal and Physical custody, and they can be divided in several different ways.

Do I need a lawyer for divorce in Ohio?

Divorces are tough on everyone involved. The process can be emotionally and physically exhausting, and it can get complicated legally, too. Whether or not you should hire a lawyer depends on a number of factors. 

Three main factors to consider when deciding whether to hire a divorce lawyer are:

  1. How contentious your divorce is
  2. How complicated your divorce is 
  3. Whether your spouse has hired a divorce lawyer

See our “Should I hire a divorce lawyer?” article for a more in-depth answer to this tricky question.

Do I need to go to court to get divorced in Ohio?

Divorce, by definition, is a civil lawsuit to end a marriage. The parties ask the court to make or approve the final decisions concerning property division, spousal support, and matters regarding any children. Therefore, the court must be involved—at least in some way—in the divorce process. 

This doesn't mean that divorce has to be a drawn-out court battle, however. Many divorce cases are settled by agreement between the spouses, such as through divorce mediation. And if you are able to work with your spouse to resolve issues outside of court, it can save you time, money, and headache. In divorce, and family law issues more generally, the best solutions often occur when the parties work together to reach agreements themselves. 

But this is not possible in every divorce, of course. And with such high stakes, some things are worth fighting for. Either way, whether amicable or contentious, you will need the court to be involved at least to some degree to get divorced in Ohio.

What is a dissolution of marriage in Ohio?

A dissolution of marriage occurs when both spouses agree to terminate their marriage. Also referred to as an uncontested divorce, a dissolution of marriage does not require either party to prove grounds to end the marriage. 

When spouses mutually agree to end the marriage, they must also agree on all of the legal issues involved in ending the marriage, including the distribution of property, spousal support arrangements, and allocating all parental rights and responsibilities if the couple has children.

A dissolution of marriage also requires one of the spouses to be a resident of Ohio for at least six months before filing for a dissolution. If you and your spouse can mutually agree on all of the legal issues involved, a dissolution of marriage can save you time and money with a much simpler process rather than the long, expensive, and emotionally charged divorce process.

The Final Word on Divorce in Ohio

Going through a divorce can be challenging, and navigating the legal aspects of the process can feel overwhelming. But an experienced divorce lawyer can provide invaluable guidance during this challenging time. Consider speaking with a divorce lawyer if you have questions about your situation that you'd like to discuss.